The Srinagar airport, which serves all major airlines is at a distance of 70-odd km from Pahalgam. You can take the Govt. run bus services or hail private cabs to reach Pahalgam from where you commence the journey to Amarnath. Major helicopter services like Hans ply to and fro Baltal (near Pahalgam) and Amarnath.
Nearest Airport: Srinagar International Airport (SXR) - 72 kms from Amarnath
How to Reach Amarnath by Road
Amarnath is on a very treacherous terrain, hence it is not very well connected by road. One can travel to Jammu and then one has to go by road to Srinagar and then to reach Baltal or Pahalgam. Baltal is the shortest trek on the way up to Amarnath, but slightly difficult. Pahalgam trek is longer and relatively safer and more suited for families and elder people.
People can also hire ponies and palkies to counter the strenuous terrain. From Baltal, it is a 1-2 day trek (15 km) to reach Amarnath. However, the Pahalgam route is relatively longer and takes around 3-5 days (36-48 km).
How to Reach Amarnath by Train
There are no direct trains to Amarnath. The nearest station is Jammu, at a distance of 178 kms from Amarnath. From Jammu, one can hire cabs to reach either Baltal or Pahalgam. From Baltal, it is a 1-2 day trek (15 km) to reach Amarnath. However, the Pahalgam route is relatively longer and takes around 3-5 days (36-48 km).
Local Transport in Amarnath
The Amarnath cave is the most important attraction in this city. There are two ways of reaching there, one is by taking a helicopter from Srinagar and landing at Panjtarni, which is 2 kms away from the cave or by travelling by car upto Baltal from which it is a 13.5 kms journey, traversable only by foot upto the cave.
Apart from these, the most popular way is to trek from Pahalgam which takes 3-5 days. The helicopter packages range upto Rs. 50,000 inclusive of stay at Srinagar and also railway station drop services.